Need to avoid the use of term “Harijan”
No. 17020/64/2010-SCD (R.L.Cell)
Government of India
Social Justice and Empowerment
Department of Social Justice and Empowerment
Shastri Bhawan, New Delhi
New Delhi, dated: 22.11.2012
The Chief Secretaries,
All State Governments/
Union Territory Administrations
Subject: Need to avoid the use of term “Harijan” in respect of Scheduled Castes ¡n official communications and transactions.
‘I am directed to refer to the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) letter No. BC 12025/44/80-SC&BCD.I/IV, dated 10.02.1982, in which all the State Governments / Union Territory Administrations were requested to issue instructions to the authorities who were empowered to issue the Scheduled Castes certificates, not to insert the word ‘Harijan’ in the Scheduled Caste certificates, but to mention only the name of the caste to which the person belongs. Subsequently the Ministry of Welfare (now Social Justice and Empowerment), vide letter No. 12025/14/90-SCD(R.L.Cell), dated 16.08.1990, had again requested the Chief Secretaries of all State Governments/Union Territory Administrations, that for all official transactions, matters, dealings, certificates etc., the Constitutional term, ‘Scheduled Caste’ in English and its appropriate translation in other national languages should alone be used for denoting the persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes included in the Presidential Orders issued under Article 341 of the Constitution. The State Governments / U.T.Administrations were also requested that in the names of departments, which are in overall charge of development/welfare of Scheduled Castes, the term ‘Harijan’ etc. should not be used.
2. The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment. in its Ninth Report presented to Lok Sabha and laid in Rajya Sahha on l9.08,2010, inter-alia observed as follows:
“…..the circular issued way back in 1982 is very old which has lost its sanctity and purpose leading to its non compliance…. As such, there is widespread use of the word ‘Harijan’ across the country deprecating the status of the underprivileged sections of the society“.
Accordingly, the Committee has recommended that this Ministry issue fresh guidelines, instructions to States/ U.Ts directing them to ensure the non-use of the word “Harijan” not only in caste certificates but also otherwise.
3. All the State Governments/U.T. Administrations are again requested that for all office transactions, matters, dealings, certificates etc.. the Constitutional term. ‘Scheduled Caste’ in English, and its – appropriate translation in other national languages should alone be used for denoting the persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes included in the Orders issued by the President under Article 341 of the Constitution of India.
4. Action taken on the above may kindly be intimated to the undersigned.
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